Conservation genetics
Genetic architecture of quantitative traits
Genetic diversity and differentiation in subdivided populations


Degree in Biology. June 1983. Universidad Complutense of Madrid. (University award 1987)
MSc in Biology. October 1985. Universidad Complutense of Madrid.
PhD in Biology. March 1990. Universidad Complutense of Madrid. (University award 1991)
Postdoctoral Research fellow (1990–1995) in the Institute of Cell, Animal and Population Biology (University of Edinburgh)
Associate Professor (1996–2003), Dep. Bioquímica, Genética e Inmunología, Facultad de Biología, Universidad de Vigo.
Professor of Genetics (2003–), Dep. Bioquímica, Genética e Inmunología, Facultad de Biología, Universidad de Vigo.


Secretary of Department (1999-2005).
Head of Department (2005–2011).


Heredity (EB: 1997–2001).
Evolution (AE: 1999–2001).
Journal of Evolutionary Biology (EB: 2004–2007).
The American Naturalist (AE: 2005–2009).
Journal of Evolutionary Biology (AE: 2007–2011).
Genetics Selection Evolution (AE: 2009–).


(For PDFs of papers before 1997 or after 2010 send an email to

R.K. Butlin, M. Saura, G. Charrier, B. Jackson, C André, A. Caballero, J. A. Coyne, J. Galindo, J. W. Grahame, J. Hollander, P. Kemppainen, M. Martínez-Fernández, M. Panova, H. Quesada, K. Johannesson, E. Rolán-Alvarez (2014)
Parallel evolution of local adaptation and reproductive isolation in the face of gene flow
Evolution, in press

A. Caballero, A. García-Dorado (2013)
Allelic diversity and its implications for the rate of adaptation
Genetics, 195: 1-13

C. García, V. Ávila, H. Quesada, A. Caballero (2013)
Candidate transcriptomic sources of inbreeding depression in Drosophila melanogaster
PLoS ONE, 8 (7): e70067

A. Caballero, M. J. García-Pereira, H. Quesada (2013)
Genomic distribution of AFLP markers relative to gene locations for different eukaryotic species
BMC Genomics, 14: 528

V. Ávila, A. Vilas, J. Fernández, A. Caballero (2013)
An experimental assessment of artificial within-family selection for fitness in conservation programs
Conservation Genetics, 14: 1149-1159

A. Caballero (2013)
Genética de la Conservación: La aplicación de los conceptos de la evolución a la conservación de la diversidad biológica
Mètode, 78: 46-51

E. Sánchez-Molano, A. Caballero, J. Fernández (2013)
Efficiency of conservation management methods for subdivided populations under local adaptation
Journal of Heredity, 104: 554-564

C. García, V. Ávila, H. Quesada, A. Caballero (2013)
Are transcriptional responses to inbreeding a functional response to alleviate inbreeding depression?
Fly, 7: 1-5

C. García, V. Ávila, H. Quesada, A. Caballero (2012)
Gene expression changes caused by inbreeding protect against inbreeding depression in Drosophila
Genetics, 199: 161-172

A. Vilas, A. Andrés-Pérez-Figueroa, A. Caballero (2012)
A simulation study on the performance of differentiation-based methods to detect selected loci using linked neutral markers
Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 25: 1364-1376

A. Pérez-Figueroa, S. T. Rodríguez-Ramilo, A. Caballero (2012)
Analysis and management of subdivided populations with METAPOP
in "Data Production and Analysis in Population Genomics: Methods and Protocols" (Coord François Pompanon & Aurélie Bonin).
ISBN: 978-1-61779-869-6 DOI: 10.1007/978-1-61779-870-2. Humana Press. Chap 15: 261-276

M. J. García-Pereira, A. Caballero, H. Quesada, A. Carvajal-Rodríguez (2011)
AFLPMax: a user-friendly application for computing the optimal number of AFLP markers needed in phylogenetic reconstruction
Molecular Ecology Resources, 12: 566-569

M. J. García-Pereira, A. Caballero, H. Quesada (2011)
The relative contribution of band number to phylogenetic accuracy in AFLP datasets
REVISTA: Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 24: 2346-2356

M. Saura, M. Martínez-Fernández, M. J. Rivas, A. Caballero, E. Rolán-Alvarez (2011)
Lack of early laboratory postzygotic reproductive isolation between two ecotypes of Littorina saxatilis (Mollusca, Gastropoda) showing strong premating sexual isolation
Hydrobiologia 675:13-18

V. Ávila, J. Fernández, H. Quesada, A. Caballero (2011)
An experimental evaluation with Drosophila melanogaster of a novel dynamic system for the management of subdivided populations in conservation programs
Heredity, 106: 765-774

A. Pérez-Figueroa, M. J. García-Pereira, M. Saura, E. Rolán-Alvarez, A. Caballero (2010)
Comparing three different methods to detect selective loci using dominant markers
Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 23: 2267-2276 [PDF]

A. Caballero, S. T. Rodríguez-Ramilo (2010)
A new method for the partition of allelic diversity within and between subpopulations
Conservation Genetics, 11: 2219-2229 [PDF]

M. J. García-Pereira, A. Caballero A., H. Quesada (2010)
In silico AFLP: an application to assess what is needed to resolve a phylogeny
In Advances in Intelligent and Soft Computing. M.P. Rocha et al. (eds): IWPABCC 2010, AISC 74, pp 137-141 [PDF]

A. Caballero, H. Quesada (2010)
Homoplasy and distribution of AFLP fragments: an analysis in silico of the genome of different species
Molecular Biology and Evolution, 27: 1139-1151 [PDF]

M.J. García-Pereira, A. Caballero, H. Quesada (2010)
Evaluating the relationship between evolutionary divergence and phylogenetic accuracy in AFLP data sets
Molecular Biology and Evolution, 27: 988-1000 [PDF]

A. Caballero, S. T. Rodríguez-Ramilo, V. Ávila, J. Fernández (2010)
Management of genetic diversity of subdivided populations in conservation programmes
Conservation Genetics, 11: 409-419 [PDF]

M. Saura, P. Morán, S. Brotherstone, A. Caballero, J. Alvarez, B. Villanueva (2010)
Predictions of response to selection caused by angling in a wild population of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar)
Freshwater Biology, 55: 923-930 [PDF]

A. Pérez-Figueroa, A. Caballero, A. García-Dorado, C. López-Fanjul (2009)
The action of purifying selection, mutation and drift on fitness epistatic systems
Genetics, 183: 299-313 [PDF]

P. Conde-Padín, M. Carballo, A. Caballero, E. Rolán-Alvarez (2009)
The relative role of genetic determination and plastic response during ontogeny for shell shape traits subjected to diversifying selection
Evolution, 63: 1356-1363 [PDF]

M. A. Toro, J. Fernández, A. Caballero (2009)
Molecular characterization of breeds and its use in conservation
Livestock Science, 120: 174-195 [PDF]

A. Pérez-Figueroa, M. Saura, J. Fernández, M. A. Toro, A. Caballero (2009)
METAPOP - A software for the management and analysis of subdivided populations in conservation programmes
Conservation Genetics, 10: 1097-1099 [PDF]

A. Ribeiro, P. Morán, A. Caballero (2008)
Genetic diversity and effective size of the Atlantic salmon inhabiting River Eo (Spain) after a population bottleneck
Journal of Fish Biology, 72: 1933-1944 [PDF]

M. Saura, A. Pérez-Figueroa, J. Fernández, M. A. Toro, A. Caballero (2008)
Preserving population allele frequencies in ex situ conservation programs
Conservation Biology, 22: 1277-1287 [PDF]

M. Saura, A. Caballero, P. Caballero, P. Morán (2008)
Impact of precocious male parr on the effective size of a wild population of Atlantic salmon
Freshwater Biology, 53: 2375-2384 [PDF]

P. Conde-Padín, M. Carballo, A. Caballero, E. Rolán-Alvarez (2008)
The relationship between hatching rate and number of embryos of the brood pouch in Littorina saxatilis
Journal of Sea Research, 60: 223-225 [PDF]

M. A. Toro, A. Caballero, J. Fernández (2008)
Mejora genética y gestión de poblaciones pequeñas
ITEA, 104: 268-282 [PDF]

J. Piñeira, H. Quesada, E. Rolán-Alvarez, A. Caballero (2008)
Genetic impact of the Prestige oil spill in wild populations of a poor dispersal marine snail from intertidal rocky shores
Marine Pollution Bulletin, 56: 270-281 [PDF]

J. Piñeira, H. Quesada, E. Rolán-Alvarez, A. Caballero (2008)
A genetic discontinuity associated to an environmentally induced barrier to gene exchange in the marine snail Littorina saxatilis
Marine Ecology Progress Series, 357: 175-184 [PDF]

A. Caballero, H. Quesada, E. Rolán-Alvarez (2008)
Impact of AFLP fragment size homoplasy on the estimation of population genetic diversity and the detection of selective loci
Genetics, 179: 539-554 [PDF]

J. Fernández, M. A. Toro, A. Caballero (2008)
Management of subdivided populations in conservation programs: development of a novel dynamic system
Genetics, 179: 683-692 [PDF]

P. Conde-Padín, A. Carvajal-Rodríguez, M. Carballo, A. Caballero, E. Rolán-Alvarez (2007)
Genetic variation for shell traits in a direct-developing marine snail
involved in a putative sympatric ecological speciation process
Evolutionary Ecology 21: 635-650 [PDF]

S. T. Rodríguez-Ramilo, M. A. Toro, A. Caballero, J. Fernández (2007)
The accuracy of a heritability estimator using molecular information
Conservation Genetics 8: 1189-1198 [PDF]

H. Quesada, D. Posada, A. Caballero, P. Morán, E. Rolán-Alvarez (2007)
Phylogenetic evidence for multiple sympatric ecological diversification in
a marine snail
Evolution 61: 1600-1612 [PDF]

A. Caballero (2006)
Analysis of the biases in the estimation of deleterious mutation parameters
from natural populations at mutation-selection balance
Genetical Research, 88: 177-189 [PDF]

A. Caballero (2006)
Estimation of the upper limit of the mutation rate and mean heterozygous
effect of deleterious mutations
Genetical Research, 88: 137-141 [PDF]

M. Saura, P. Caballero, A. Caballero, P. Morán (2006)
Genetic variation in restored Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) population
in the Ulla and Lérez rivers, Galicia, Spain
ICES Journal of Marine Science, 63: 1290-1296 [PDF]

L. Sánchez, A. Caballero, E. Santiago (2006)
Palliating the impact of fixation of a major gene on the genetic variation
of artificially selected polygenes
Genetical Research, 88: 105-118 [PDF]

S. T. Rodríguez-Ramilo, P. Morán, A. Caballero (2006)
Relaxation of selection with equalisation of parental contributions in conservation programs: an experimental test with Drosophila melanogaster
Genetics, 172: 1043-1054 . [PDF]

B. Fernández, A. Caballero, A. García-Dorado (2005)
 The effect of antagonistic pleiotropy on the estimation of the average coefficient of dominance of deleterious mutations
 Genetics, 171: 2097-2112 [PDF]


M. Carballo, A. Caballero, E. Rolán-Alvarez (2005)
Habitat-dependent ecotype micro-distribution at the mid shore in natural populations of Littorina saxatilis
Hydrobiologia, 548: 307-311 [PDF]

M. A. Toro, A. Caballero (2005)
Characterisation and conservation of genetic diversity in subdivided populations
Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. Series B, 360: 1367-1378 [PDF]

J. Fernández, J. Galindo, B. Fernández, A. Pérez-Figueroa, A. Caballero and E. Rolán-Alvarez (2005)
Genetic differentiation and estimation of effective population size and migration rates in two sympatric ecotypes of the marine snail Littorina saxatilis.

Journal of Heredity, doi:10.1093/jhered/esi064 [PDF]


A. Pérez-Figueroa, A. Caballero and E. Rolán-Alvarez  (2005)
Comparing the estimation properties of different statistics for measuring sexual isolation from mating frequencies.

Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 85: 307-318. [PDF]


A. Carvajal-Rodríguez, E. Rolán-Álvarez and A. Caballero (2005)
 Quantitative variation as a tool for detecting human-induced impacts on genetic diversity.

Biological Conservation 124: 1-13 [PDF]


E. Santiago, A. Caballero (2005)
Variation after a selective sweep in a subdivided population

Genetics 169: 475-483 [PDF]


A. Pérez-Figueroa, F. Cruz, A. Carvajal-Rodríguez, E. Rolán-Alvarez and A. Caballero (2005)
 The evolutionary forces maintaining a  wild polymorphism of Littorina saxatilis: model selection by  computer simulations

Journal of Evolutionary Biology 18: 191-202  [PDF]


B. Fernández, A. García-Dorado, A. Caballero (2004)
 Analysis of the Estimators of the Average Coefficient of Dominance of Deleterious Mutations.

Genetics 168: 1053-1069 [PDF]


E. Rolán-Alvarez, M. Carballo, J. Galindo, P. Morán, B. Fernández, A. Caballero, R. Cruz, E. G. Boulding, K. Johanesson (2004)
Non-allopatric and parallel origin of local reproductive barriers between two snail ecotypes.

Molecular Ecology, 13: 3415-3424 [PDF]

J. Fernández, M.A. Toro and A. Caballero (2004)
Managing individuals' contributions to maximize the allelic diversity maintained in small, conserved populations.
Conservation Biology, 18: 1358-1367 [PDF]

S. T. Rodríguez-Ramilo, A. Pérez-Figueroa, B. Fernández, J. Fernández and A. Caballero (2004)
Mutation-selection balance accounting for genetic variation for viability in Drosophila melanogaster as deduced from an inbreeding and artificial selection experiment.
Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 17: 528-541 [PDF]

A. García-Dorado, C. Lopez-Fanjul and A. Caballero (2004)
Rates and effects of deleterious  mutations and their evolutionary consequences
In Moya and Fontdevila (eds.) [PDF]

A. García-Dorado, A. Caballero and J. F. Crow (2003)
On the persistence and pervasiveness of a new mutation
Evolution, 57: 2644-2646 [PDF]

J. Fernández, M.A. Toro and A. Caballero (2003)
Fixed contributions designs vs. minimization of global coancestry to control inbreeding in small populations.
Genetics 165: 885-894 [PDF]

J. Vales-Alonso, J. Fernández, F. J. González-Castaño and A. Caballero (2003)
A parallel optimization approach for controlling allele diversity in conservation schemes.
Mathematical Biosciences 183 (2): 161-173  [PDF]

J. Fernández, S. T. Rodríguez-Ramilo, A. Pérez-Figueroa, C. López-Fanjul, A. Caballero (2003)
Lack of nonadditive genetic effects on early fecundity in Drosophila melanogaster.
Evolution, 57: 558-565 [PDF]

A. García-Dorado, A. Caballero (2002)
The mutational rate of Drosophila viability decline: tinkering with old data
Genetical Research Cambridge, 80: 99-105 [PDF]

A. García-Dorado, C. López-Fanjul, A. Caballero (2002)
La mutación espontánea: causa de deterioro y fuente de adaptabilidad de las poblaciones.
Capítulo 25 en Evolución: la base de la Biología (coordinado por M. Soler). Editorial proyecto Sur. [PDF]

A. Caballero, E. Cusi, C. García, A. García-Dorado (2002)
Accumulation of deleterious mutations: further D. melanogaster estimates and a simulation study of the effects of selection
Evolution, 56: 1150-1159 [PDF]

A. Caballero, M. A. Toro (2002)
Analysis of genetic diversity for the management of conserved subdivided populations
Conservation Genetics, 3: 289-299 [PDF]

J. Fernández, M. A. Toro, A. Caballero (2001)
Practical implementations of optimal management strategies in conservation programmes: a male selection method
Animal Biodiversity and Conservation, 24: 17-24 [PDF]

J. Fernández, A. Caballero (2001)
A comparison of management strategies for conservation with regard to population fitness
Conservation Genetics, 2: 121-131 [PDF]

J. Fernández, A. Caballero (2001)
Accumulation of mutations and equalisation of parental contributions in the conservation of genetic resources
Heredity, 86: 480-488 [PDF]

A. García-Dorado, A. Caballero (2000)
On the average coefficient of dominance of deleterious spontaneous mutations
Genetics, 155: 1991-2001 [PDF]

E. Santiago, A. Caballero (2000)
Application of reproductive technologies to the maintenance of genetic resources
Conservation Biology, 14: 1831-1836

A. Caballero, M. A. Toro (2000)
Interrelations between effective population size and other pedigree tools for the management of conserved populations
Genetical Research Cambridge, 75: 331-343 [PDF]

B. Fernández, E. Santiago, M. A. Toro, A. Caballero (2000)
Effects of linkage on the control of inbreeding in selection programmes
Genetics, Selection, Evolution, 32: 249-264 [PDF]

E. Rolán-Alvarez, A. Caballero (2000)
Estimating sexual selection and sexual isolation effects from mating frequencies
Evolution, 54: 30-36 [PDF]

A. García-Dorado, C. López-Fanjul, A. Caballero (1999)
Properties of spontaneous mutations affecting quantitative traits
Genetical Research Cambridge, 74: 341-350 [PDF]

J. Wang, A. Caballero (1999)
Developments in predicting the effective size of subdivided populations
Heredity, 82: 212-226 [PDF]

J. Wang, A. Caballero, P. D. Keightley, W.G. Hill (1998)
Bottleneck effect on genetic variance: theoretical investigation of the role of dominance
Genetics, 150: 435-447 [PDF]

E. Santiago, A. Caballero (1998)
Effective size and polymorphism of linked neutral loci in populations under selection
Genetics, 149: 2105-2117 [PDF]

A. Caballero, P. D. Keightley (1998)
Inferences on genome-wide deleterious mutation rates from inbred populations of Drosophila and mice
Genetica, 102/103: 229-239 [PDF]

J. Wang, A. Caballero, W.G. Hill (1998)
The effect of linkage disequilibrium and deviation from Hardy-Weinberg proportions on the changes in genetic variance with bottlenecking
Heredity, 81: 174-186 [PDF]

P. D. Keightley, A. Caballero, A. García-Dorado (1998)
Maintaining fitness under deleterious mutation pressure
Current Biology, 8: R235-R237

B. Fernández, M. A. Toro, A. Caballero (1998)
Estrategias de selección para controlar la consanguinidad en programas de mejora
ITEA, 94A: 334-339

A. Caballero, P. D. Keightley y M. Turelli (1997)
Average dominance for polygenes: statistical and genetic pitfalls of regression estimates
Genetics, 147: 1487-1490 [PDF]

P. D. Keightley y A. Caballero (1997)
Genome mutation rate for lifetime reproductive output and life span in Caenorhabditis elegans
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences U.S.A., 94: 3823-3827 [PDF]


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